The Yakuza Glossary
博徒- bakuto – gambler
暴力団 - boryokudan – violent group – generic name given to criminal groups
チンピラ – Chinpira - thug, low-ranking henchman, punk, prick
義理-人情 - Giri-ninjo – Obligation and Humanity – a concept of duty vs. feelings often used not only in romantic drama but also in yakuza films and even real yakuza culture.
組/会 -Gumi/-kai suffixes meaning group, association, company, or society. Often used by yakuza, construction companies, and even students.
愚連隊- Gurentai – Gang of hoodlums – mostly historical from my understanding
稲川会- Inagawa-kai – The third largest of the “big three” yakuza groups, based in Tokyo.
地上げ屋- Jiageya – Land Shark – Yakuza business of forcing people off land for profit
事件屋- Jikenya – Dispute resolution specialists. Yakuza hired to resolve issues, considered by many to be a reasonable alternative to court.
親分 & 乾児 - Oyabun & kobun – the Yakuza boss/Father-figure and the follower/child
サラ金 – Sarakin – Loan Shark
シャブ- Shabu – Methamphetamine/Speed – the drug of choice in Japan
総会屋 – soukaiya – meeting man
住吉会- Sumiyoshi-kai – The second largest (but more loosely associated) Yakuza group. Based in Tokyo.
的屋- Tekiya – Peddler & Racketeer
東亜友愛事業組合 - Towa Yuai Jigyo Kumiai – East Asia Friendship Enterprises Association – A largely ethnic-Korean yakuza group based in Tokyo.
やくざ – yakuza – the term widely used to speak of Japan’s criminal organizations.
山口組 - Yamaguchi-gumi – the largest of the Yakuza groups in Japan, based in the Kansai region of Japan.
指詰め – Yubitsume – the yakuza finger-cutting ritual. A yakuza responsible for a particularly grievous mistake will cut off the first joint of his small finger to atone.
Yakuza: Japan’s Criminal Underworld by David Kaplan
Jisho.org – Japanese-English dictionary
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